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Exploring the “Investigations Dashboard” and “Security Playbooks” in Azure Security Center


Recently, I was playing with the Investigation feature in Azure Security Center, which allows you to visualize the scope of a security event, triage, and track down the root cause of potential security incidents. It reminded me a lot of Microsoft Advanced Threat Analytics (ATA) we recommend for customers in their own datacenter. A companion feature are security playbooks, which are collections of procedures that can be executed from Security Center once a certain playbook is triggered from selected alert. In effect, Microsoft is offering intelligent detection of potential security events with capability to automate incident response.


  • Additional Reading. Notice the many hyperlinks in this article, which lead to additional reading on topics directly related to these features and duplicating this scenario in your own lab.
  • Cost. Bear in mind that the feature only comes with the Standard tier of Security Center, which enables Advanced threat detection capabilities, which includes advanced analytics that leverage the Microsoft Intelligent Security Graph…the source of intelligence through analysis of signals via machine learning. The security playbooks leverage Azure Logic Apps, which carries a separate charge.

Exploring on your own

I started by attempting some lateral movement with Mimikatz on a Windows server running the Microsoft Monitoring Agent, which is what collects the data consumed by Security Center.

This spawned a security alert in the Security Center portal.

You could also easily trigger similar events with AppLocker bypass.


When you drill into the Security alerts tile in the Detection section of the dashboard above, you can see a list of events.


And clicking on an event in the list, you can see the details of the event, including the description, severity, resource type and details of the action. Notice the Investigate button at the bottom of the event details window.


Clicking on the Investigate button launches the Investigation Dashboard. The investigation consists of a graph , which is always focused on a specific entity, and presents the entities that are related to it. An entity could be a security alert, user, computer or incident. In this case, the “specific entity” is the suspicious process…Mimikatz.exe.


If we select the Suspicious process executed entity, you’ll see guidance on how to proceed with investigation. Most of the steps I found in various scenarios were fairly rudimentary.


If you click on the Playbooks tab at the right of the window, you’ll find the Run Playbooks based on this alert.


I did not find m(any) existing sample runbooks, but there is a tutorial with an example for creating your own Security Playbook in response to a suspicious process execution. As with the example, since more than 90% of malicious activities are observed once and never again, you may find your playbooks are driving expedited notification to the appropriate channels in your org.

If you have not yet spent time with the advanced features of Security Center present only in the Standard tier, it is worth a look. The story grows more compelling every month.

Lumagate adds Azure MVP to North American team

Image result for nick romynLumagate is excited to welcome Azure MVP and Azure specialist Nicholas (Nick) Romyn, to their North American team! As a deep technical specialist, he has helped enterprise customers progress in their cloud journey with confidence, providing design and implementation guidance for great availability, security and efficiency in delivering business-critical services. At Lumagate, Nick will work as a Senior Consultant for North America, reporting to Pete Zerger.

“I’m very excited to be working with Pete and Wes (again).”, Nick says about joining the Lumagate. “I believe Lumagate has a unique, exciting combination of skill sets and reputation across Microsoft cloud offerings to enable a holistic approach for customers. Lumagate’s breadth of Microsoft MVPs is a testament to their vision and understanding of the big picture for customers.”

“He’s excited about driving strategic initiatives to enable and secure our customer’s enterprises to help build a strong Azure practice in North America. And Nick’s skills mesh well with our focus here at Lumagate.”, says Managing Partner, Pete Zerger.  At Lumagate, part of the recipe to success is to share knowledge and help your team grow, and Nick will help continue to grow the knowledge and experience within Lumagate.

When asked about the opportunities the cloud offers, Nick says “I think there’s tremendous opportunity to increase our customers agility through transition to the cloud, and Lumagate’s focus on providing a holistic information security solution is critical. Business economics are driving customers to the cloud; availability and security must be implemented in a holistic approach to enable this agility”. Leveraging the cloud itself for security and agility, from Microsoft as one of the largest cloud providers in the world, gives every company an economic opportunity to compete in their markets, Nick concludes.

We’re happy to have you on board Nick. Welcome!

Learn about the Microsoft Cybersecurity Stack, 5 minutes at at time

I am excited to report the first in a series of courses I am developing for LinkedIn Learning ( is now available! The first installment, “Microsoft Cybersecurity Stack: Identity and Endpoint Protection Basics“, is the introductory module, written at an intermediate level. The course is approximately two hours in length, composed of “bite-sized” video installments, each 3-5 minutes in length (to accommodate learning on a busy schedule), and easily viewed from any device…even your mobile phone!

Course Table of Contents 

  • Chapter 1: Azure Active Directory Premium Setup
  • Chapter 2: Enabling Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA)
  • Chapter 3: Setting Conditions for Secure Access
  • Chapter 4: Managing Mobile Devices with Intune
  • Chapter 5: Publishing Applications with Azure AD App Proxy

Get your free trial

If you are interested in ramping up on Microsoft Cybersecurity Stack from the ground up, I hope you will give it a try! You can sign up for a free trial of LinkedIn Learning at

Using the Microsoft Graph for Fun and Profit – Part 1

In today’s world, businesses are driving cloud service adoption. At Lumagate, we find the adoption of cloud services impacts operational procedures, especially in the types of tasks traditional IT roles have performed (perhaps a blog for another day!). One area of particular significance is the transition from manual execution of tasks to automation. Microsoft has built a number of toolsets to accommodate this need, including Flow, Azure Logic Apps, Azure Functions, and Azure Automation. Automated tools need something to execute against however, and thus Microsoft is working to surface their cloud service APIs through the Microsoft Graph.

As a Microsoft Partner with Gold competencies in Cloud Productivity and Enterprise Mobility (among others), we see many use cases for Graph. However, Graph is delivered via a REST API, which many IT Pros are unfamiliar with. In addition, on our Professional Services side, we have a particular need to ensure our implementations are consistent, repeatable, and reliable. As such, PowerShell is a tool of choice for us during delivery. This blog series (which will be broken into a couple parts) describes how to leverage the Graph to configure Microsoft Intune via PowerShell.

Challenges to Solve

There are a couple of PowerShell wrapper modules for Graph available via GitHub and other repositories, in addition to a set of PowerShell samples published by the Intune team. However, all of the samples I’ve come across have deficiency in one of three areas (sometimes a combination):

  • They require the Azure AD PowerShell module to be installed (as is the case with the Intune team’s PowerShell samples for Graph). This tends to be required only for the auth process, acquiring the OAuth token to talk to Graph. This is a heavy-handed approach (and arguably lazy) to acquire a token which is then used to talk to Graph.
  • They require the ADAL DLLs to be installed. This is also used for the auth process, acquiring the OAuth token from Azure AD. Dropping DLLs into a customer’s environment is not always appreciated, and thus is something we like to avoid.
  • They build their own OAuth connection, but require the admin to register an application with Azure AD, and then store the application ID and most egregiously, the client secret (as is the case with the PSMSGraph module). Storing a client secret should only be used for web applications where it can be protected in context of a service, and not for a portable PowerShell module, where untrusted personnel may be using the application.

So how do we solve these challenges? The answer lies in the Azure AD v2.0 authentication endpoint.

Modern Authentication with Azure AD v2.0

Azure AD v2.0 provides a number of features, but most interestingly is the ability to leverage OAuth 2.0 Authorization Code flow to authorize applications. This allows us to launch a native application (in this case PowerShell), and the following steps occur:

  1. The native application makes a request to the authorization endpoint for a code, supplying a string of permissions (also known as scopes) in the URL request, and the resource (i.e. service / API) which it wants to access.
  2. The authorization endpoint prompts the user to sign-in. After a successful authentication, the user is presented with a list of the permissions supplied in the URL request, and asked to authorize the application for the resource.
  3. The user authorizes the application, at which point the authorization endpoint returns an authorization code which is valid to redeem an access token with those permissions. The token expires in 10 minutes.
  4. The application presents the authorization code to the token endpoint. In the body of the request, it supplies the list of permission scopes (or a subset) that was used to obtain the authorization code, along with the resource to which it is requesting access.
  5. The token endpoint responds with an access token, valid for 1 hr. If the offline_access permission scope was requested, it also issues a refresh token, which can be valid for an extended time period (often 14 days, depending on context). The refresh token can be used to redeem new access tokens every hour without requiring the user to restart the whole authentication process.
  6. The native client makes a call to the resource (in this case Graph), bearing (i.e. supplying) the access token in the header to prove it is authorized to make the request.

A diagram from the Azure AD v2.0 Authorization Code flow documentation helps illustrate this concept.

In all the steps above, we never need to provide a client secret, allowing us to build a native application which can be used by anyone in any environment, provided they are authorized to perform the actions in their environment. This solves one of our challenges. In the next post, we will get into how we can implement this concept in PowerShell without DLLs or requiring the Azure AD module to be installed.


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